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How the Syrian Refugee Trail Began
Northern Europe Leads With Refugee Hope

Cruise Bruise Investigates September 15, 2015

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How the Syrian Refugee Trail Began
Northern Europe Leads With Refugee Hope

Cruise Bruise Investigates September 15, 2015

How the Syrian Refugee Trail Began

Recent conflicts contributing to the massive refugee movement
March 20, 2003 the U.S. invasion of Iraq, accompanied by "coalition allies" (40 in total - see image right) began. After a post-Saddam Hussein lengthy insurgency against U.S. and coalition forces, the United States responded with a troop surge in 2007. In the summer of 2014, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) launched a military offensive in Northern Iraq.

President George W. Bush at the Veterans of Foreign Wars national convention in Kansas City, Missouri on August 22, 2007 said of U.S. Troops. "They’re clearing out the terrorists out of population centers; they’re giving families in liberated Iraqi cities a look at a decent and hopeful life."

From 2003 to 2011 Iraqi citizens had fled war-torn Iraq to other nations, including 1.2 million refugees to Syria from 2003 to 2007. Between 2012 and 2013, as the Syrian civil war continued and Iraqis were directly targeted for execution, the fewer than 200,000 Iraqi refugees remained fled Syria.

The United States had pulled troops and much of the support back from Iraq as the war from insurgents continued so did the flood of refugees from Iraq to Syria and the surrounding countries.

Did America do enough to help refugees from Iraq? From 2000 to 2013 over 101,000 Iraqi refugees were taken to the U.S. for support. From 2000 to 2013, the U.S. allowed immigration of nearly one million born in China, over one million born in India, 270,000 born in Cuba and 174,000 born in Haiti. Only 24,000 born in Syria were allowed in the U.S. from 2000 to 2013.

America has historically helped refugees from conflicts they were involved in, as it did following the U.S. invasion of Vietnam. America supported 1.2 million Vietnamese refugees as it had done 20 years prior with America's invasion of Korea. America followed the Korean invasion with support for 1.1 million Korean refugees.

Direct conflicts that resulted in the Syrian refugee trail
Bashar al-Assad, born September 11, 1965 is the Syrian president of an authoritarian regime since June 10, 2000 when his father, Hafez al-Assad, who had led Syria for 30 years, died. Nine months later, on Bashar al-Assad's 36th birthday, the twin towers in New York were targeted by terrorists on September 11, 2001.

The recipient of over one million Iraqi refugees, Syria had an immigration problem strong nations would have struggled to manage. To the corrupt government of Syria, the Iraqi migration was a big problem. By 2007 the influx of refugees had risen to over 2,000 refugees per day, Syrian officials complained in 2007 that the Iraqi refugees had cost the state over $1 billion.

Since 1964, an official, then secret State of Emergency Law in Syria has allowed the government to detain political suspects for an unlimited period of time. The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights estimates that 200,000 political prisoners, political activists, rebels and regular demonstrators were in jail in Syria for opposing the Assad regime. Another 20,000 have died in fighting, an equal amount have simply disappeared.

During the Syrian Civil War, Assad was personally implicated in war crimes and crimes against humanity by the United Nations, and was the top of a list of individuals indicted for the greatest responsibility in war crimes for prosecution by the International Criminal Court, which places him into the same category as Iraqi ruler Saddam Hussein.

On July 16, 2014, Bashar al-Assad was sworn in for his third unopposed seven-year term. Though elections take place, nobody has dared to oppose the family rulers.

After a January 20, 2015 Bashar al-Assad interview with Foreign Affairs, editor Jonathan Tepperman, drew a line from Bashar al-Assad to Adolph Hitler saying Assad "voiced untruths with confidence" and questioned "whether Assad is a spectacularly competent liar and this was all being done for domestic consumption, in which case he’s merely a sociopath, or he really believes what he’s saying. This is like Hitler in his bunker when the Russians were an hour outside Berlin".

The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, ISIL; AKA: Islamic State of Iraq and Syria or the Islamic State of Iraq and ash-Sham, or simply Islamic State (IS) is a Salafi Jihadist extremist militant group and self-proclaimed Islamic state and caliphate. ISIL is led by mostly Sunni Arabs from Iraq and Syria who now have control over territory occupied by ten million people in Iraq and Syria and some areas of Libya and Nigeria. The group has spread operations or has affiliates in other parts of the world.

The Syrian Civil War Escalation and War Crimes
In March 2011 Syrian security forces opened fire on protestors in Deraa, killing three and as protests grew, and so did the increasingly violent crackdowns. Assad's troops shot demonstrators, abducted and tortured activists, and even murdered children. These actions by the government regime have continued to escalate violent acts against humanity.

Chemical weapons used weapons of mass destruction / chemical weapons in the Syrian civil war. A UN fact-finding mission was requested by member states to investigate 16 alleged chemical weapons attacks. Seven of them have been investigated and nine were dropped for lack of "sufficient or credible information". In four cases the UN inspectors confirmed use of sarin gas but did not place blame to any party of using chemical weapons.

The Syrian army began using cluster bombs in September 2012. Steve Goose, director of the Arms division at Human Rights Watch said "Syria is expanding its relentless use of cluster munitions, a banned weapon, and civilians are paying the price with their lives and limbs", "The initial toll is only the beginning because cluster munitions often leave unexploded bomblets that kill and maim long afterward."

In December 2012, the Syrian government began using Scud missiles on rebel-held towns, primarily targeting Aleppo. On 19 February, four Scud missiles were fired, three landed in Aleppo city and one on Tell Rifaat town, Aleppo governorate. Between December and February, at least 40 Scud missile landings were reported with attacks continuing through June 2015.

Rebel suicide bombings began in December 2011; the Al-Nusra Front has claimed responsibility for 57 out of 70 similar attacks through April 2013. The bombings have claimed numerous civilian casualties, including 47 mainly Alawite children killed in Homs on 1 October 2014.

Barrel bombs - A barrel bomb is a type of improvised explosive device used by the Syrian Air Force. Typically, a barrel is filled with a large amount of TNT, and possibly shrapnel, metal items or nails and oil, and dropped from a helicopter for detonation.

Thermobaric weapons, also known as "fuel-air bombs", much like Napalm was used by the government side during the Syrian civil war. Since 2012, rebels have said that the Syrian Air Force (government forces) is using thermobaric weapons against residential areas occupied by the rebel fighters, such as during the Battle of Aleppo and also in Kafr Batna. A panel of United Nations human rights investigators reported that the Syrian government used thermobaric bombs against the strategic town of Qusayr in March 2013. In August 2013, the BBC reported on the use of napalm-like incendiary bombs on a school in northern Syria.

U.S immigration from war refugee nations vs- immigration from favored trading partners - images in viewer.